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8. Zusammenfassung, abstract, résumé Integrierte Schädlingsbekämpfung
Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes im Rahmen des Umweltforschungsplanes -
Förderungskennzeichen 126 06 011 erstellt und mit Bundesmitteln finanziert.
Abstract, S
CHOLL
, E. (1995): Erarbeitung von Richtlinien für die integrierte
Schädlingsbekämpfung im nichtagrarischen Bereich (außer Holzschädlinge).
Forschungsbericht 126 06 011, Umweltbundesamt, Berlin; ca 380 S.
Elaboration of Guidelines
for Integrated Pest Control in the non-Agricultural Areas (except wood pests). Research Report
126 06 011, Federal Environmental Agency, Berlin
A two-year research project was conducted at the initiative of the German Federal Environment
Agency under the heading `Elaboration of Guidelines for the Integrated Pest Management in the
NOn-agricultural Area´. The following is an abstract of the final report that was completed in April
1995
Indoors, regular pest "harvesting" is replaced by eradication, a state which must subsequently be
maintained. Instead of a gruelling battle we have a finely targeted defence action involving
minimum time and effort. Urban IPM is defined as a flexible network of changes allowing a
common-sense approach to the shaping of the habitats of humans and those of other organisms.
Well-worn panaceae are replaced by an intelligent combination of interlocking and overlapping
activities, each based on and at the same time strengthening the others. Possible aims are proactive
infestation prophylaxis, permanent problem-solving, tolerance - depending on the type of problem -
and lifelong learning processes.
The first, general part of the report is an inventory of existing methods and means. It is followed by
a discussion of the status quo and recommendations for improvement, with each area being divided
up into the following fields of action: nature, victims, solution-providers; consumers; pest
controllers; methods & products; chemicals, energy, and stress; resistance & repellence, chemical
industry; advertising, estimating the cost for the community; research & education; legislator;
responsibilities; environmental bodies; practical transposition of information ; outlook and the
concept of borders. This part concludes with a step by step action plan.
The second, technical part starts with an analogy between good pest management and good
cooking. It contains a condensed presentation of urban IPM methods, followed by minimal-risk
pesticide handling: modes of action; resistence & repellency; active ingredients, formulations,
products & application techniques, personal protection and spill prevention; and a cross reference
list for active ingredients, formulations, products, and applications.
The third, specific part gives the pest profiles and management strategies for selected problems:
ants, damp, fleas, mice, mites, cloth moths, mosquitoes, rats, cockroaches, mold, ticks.
Consumers are the main target group. Some major sections are aimed at the pest controllers, while
other parts address legislators, administrators, the Biological faculties of universities, pesticide
manufacturers etc. The presentation is exhaustive in selected areas, wheras in others an outline
with key words is offered as a starting point for further work. This is the first time that such an
integrated approach has been available in the German language. A German language database is
under preparation as a complement to this report. The report was commissioned by the Federal
Environment Agency as part of Environmental Research Plan - # 126 06 011, and government
funded.